Energy - Production of Energy

The production of energy and its uses are heavily influenced by changes in the climate. One example shows that increasing temperatures can and will reduce energy consumption for heating and at the same time increase energy levels used for cooling and heating many types of buildings. Implications of climate change are not as clear for energy supply as they are for energy demand. More research on implications of climate change are expected to follow in future studies.

Change and effects on energy supply and demand will not only depend on the climate’s factors, but also on growth of the economy, use of land, growth of population and distribution, a change in social and cultural trends that can shape individual as well as institutional actions.

An analysis led by the U.S. Department of Energy was published in October 2007 to address such an issue. This analysis was commissioned by the CCSP (or the US Climate Change Science Program). It’s whole reason was to find out the Effects of Climate Change on Energy Production and Use in the United States.

Energy Use
With the rising in temperature due to climate change it can affect a demand on energy. An example shows that rising air temperatures can likely lead to huge increases in energy and the demand for air conditioning in North American cities. On the other side of things, the energy needed for space heating will show a reduction. The total effects of such changes will vary when it comes to energy production, and utility bills.

Huge changes in energy consumed can be expected for other climate sensitive processes:
• Water pumping for irrigation in agriculture
• A rise in temperature and increased evaporation
• Irrigation demands on energy, particularly the Western U.S.

Depending on the size of the energy consumption change, it should be necessary to keep in mind these changes in energy supply practices to balance the surge in demand. Numerous factors can also affect the size in future changes of the overall capacity of energy systems.

Energy Production
With little research on how climate change can affect energy production, much more is to be expected in the future. Some possible effects are written and discussed below.
• Hydropower Generation is being looked at as the energy source that will most likely be affected by a change in climate, mostly due to its sensitivity to the amount of precipitation and temperature. Also, hydropower needs can increasingly conflict with many priorities, such as restoration of salmon in the Pacific Northwest. Changes in precipitation seem difficult to project at a regional scale. Meaning the climate change can affect hydropower positively and negatively, depending on which region is being looked at.
• Infrastructure of the production of energy could be affected by climate change. For example, if a rise in climate is characterized with more extreme weather events such as windstorms, floods, hurricanes, and tornadoes, the transmitted electric utility systems may very well see a higher failure rate.